HTML is a markup language that describes how your information is structured. HTML is made up of components that you may employ to enclose or wrap certain portions of the material to make it seem or perform in a specific manner. The surrounding tags can make a word or picture hyperlink to another location, italicize words, change the font size, and so on.
Tim Berners-Lee designed it in the 1990s with the intention of using it to structure, display, and present content on the international web. It is now the most widely used markup language on the planet.
The Major Elements Of HTML Are As Follows:
The open tag
This comprises the element's name (in this example, p) surrounded by opening and closing angle brackets. This specifies where the element begins or begins to take effect — in this example, the beginning of the paragraph.
The Closing tag
This tag is similar to the opening tag, except it contains a forward slash before the element name. This specifies the end of the element — in this example, the end of the paragraph. One of the most common novice mistakes is failing to add a closing tag, which might result in odd effects.
This is the element's content, which in this case is merely text.
The element is made up of the opening tag, the closing tag, and the content.
The Development Of HTML
As previously stated, HTML was designed to be used to display content online. It has evolved and now underpins the majority of the online apps we use.
HTML has changed significantly since its inception in the early 1990s. New technologies were introduced, such as:
- Better accessibility and semantic markup
- New characteristics and tags
- New media formats, such as photos and videos
The market has changed toward delivering web services that are more easily accessible from many devices. HTML is even more important in this scenario, and using those new tags is required to create and maintain comprehensive solutions.
HTML has a great amount of freedom in its structure, tags, and attributes due to its basic and limited origin. As a result, the code might soon become disorganized. This is where code formatting comes in, to make the code more understandable and manageable.
What Is The Beautification Of HTML
HTML Beautify is a technology that enables developers in formatting HTML texts consistently. It also assists in ensuring that all of their code adheres to the most recent formatting standards and allows them to sweep up messy code.
Errors are easier to identify in structured HTML files, saving debug time and improving overall page quality.
This method entails parsing the source code to add/eliminate useless white spaces, indent tags, order characteristics, and so on while adhering to a given standard or even some custom criteria.
To maintain the code base, code formatting must work in tandem with a version control system. It will guarantee that your HTML code is readily changed and adheres to the best standards. Prettier is an excellent tool for accomplishing this.
Try To Use The Shorted Version Of URI You Can
Should you use a relative URI, an absolute URI, fully-qualified URIs, or... when creating a link, adding an image, or writing anything that refers to a separate file on the Web? URI versions are so abundant that people understandably wonder, "Which one should we use?"
A good rule of thumb is to use the shortest value possible. Shorter URIs are more likely to be transferable, and they also have performance benefits. There's no need to encode a link with a URI like http://example.com/my-page/ when /my-page/ would suffice. If your domain name changes in the future and you used a fully-qualified URI, the link will be broken. If you're connecting to a remote domain, you can safely skip the scheme component of a URI unless your own content will be broadcast via several protocols (such as HTTPS: in addition to HTTP:).
A URI may be regarded as its own mini-language in this way. Using the shortest one possible benefits you by increasing the possibility of reusable code later on, as outlined by the Rule of Least Power.
Consistently Apply Markup Patterns
Patterns are a very effective strategy for increasing code reuse, readability, and functionality. Microformats are, at their core, well-established and generally recognized markup patterns. The capacity to transmit batches of these patterns to processing tools is what gives them their utility.
Even if you don't utilize microformats in your markup, following your own patterns consistently will help you. Consider the inconvenience of having to cope with a site's logo marked up in a different way on each page. On the home page, you may see <h1 id="logo">…</h1>, and on an article page, you might see <img id="sitelogo" … />. To stay unobtrusive, you'll most likely wind up combining CSS rules to handle both instances and adding extra code to scripts. That is terrifying!
So a pattern may start as simple as utilizing the same markup for a site's logo, but it can grow in value as you adhere to more patterns. If you're going to utilize div id="Header">, avoid using div id="ftr">. At SitePoint, for example, code blocks are always labeled up the same way (using pre>code>.../code>/pre>), allowing style and function to be layered on top of those components in a consistent manner across the site.
Reduce The Usage Of Class And ID Attributes
One advantage of patterns that is sometimes missed is that, when effectively designed, they significantly enhance the structure of your markup. This removes the requirement for you to employ IDs or classes in elements to design them, keeping your markup smaller. It also makes it easier to comprehend your style sheets since your CSS selectors will leverage the structural context of the markup to offer the same meaning in CSS files.
Avoiding IDs and classes entirely may be a highly informative exercise. If your markup is well-structured, you can do a surprising lot of customization using the modest descendant combinator. The necessity for arbitrary style hooks is decreasing as support for CSS selectors that leverage structural context develops (such as last-child and:only-child).
This is inherently contradictory to the preceding tip: if you depend too much on the structural context of your markup, you may end yourself adding unneeded items to match your style sheet. The issue of developing well-structured, semantic markup is exactly walking the line between these two extremes.
If you don’t want to manually beautify the HTML code, you can use an HTML beautifier tool that will do all this headache for you.